The Boreal forest which is also referred to as Taiga counts for around 30% of the earth’s forests which covers three continents in the northern part of the globe.
It’s the largest forest on the planet but these amazing woodlands are also facing various serious threats that are causing a decline in their populace.
Canada produces a percentage of the world’s sawn-wood, paper, wood panels, and round wood.
It’s safe to say that they rely on the ecosystem, and the ecosystem relies on a great number of forest plants to thrive.
Canada strives to conduct careful research, plan strategies, and place protective policies in means to save their forests, their history, and their home.
However, there is more than one environmental issue that threatens the ecosystem and many of these problems have the locals worried about the health and safety of their homeland.
Environmental Concerns Include: Greenhouse Gases
Boreal forests capture massive quantities of carbon but the rising heat of the warmer seasons is killing off the population of trees that are accustom to a colder climate and as a result, photosynthesis is diminishing.
The taiga contains more than 30% of the planet’s global carbon dioxide in the peat and permafrost but with the heat raising the forest could produce more carbon then it captures.
It also means additional methane that had been trapped in the frozen landscape for more than a millennium could be released into the atmosphere. This could bring about even more global warming which then melts more of the Arctic and free more of the dangerous gases, which only feeds the problem.
This immense increase in temperature could be inflicted on all earth’s forests by the end of the 21st century which could potentially expose the forest to more severe heat that will eventually result in a complete change of entire ecosystem.
Mountain Pine Beetle
In recent years there have been many valued lodgepole trees that have been lost due to the pine beetles.
The Mountain Pine Beetles are tiny insects that live in large numbers inside the inner barks of various pine trees that are within the western North America area. An infestation could kill a tree as they tend to cut off the tree’s food and water source with their burrowing.
They thrive in the warmer climates and if the temperatures continue to rise, these pests could spread all across the North and destroy even more of the forest’s pine trees.
It was estimated in 2009, that 40,000,000 acres of pine trees had already been infested by the pine beetle just in within British Columbia alone.
Canada witness about 8,000 wildfires which measures up to a total average of 6,200,000 acres of burnt forests every year.
More than half of the fires are started by humans and the others are naturally occurring usually by lightning strikes that make up over 80% total of burnt areas.
With the increase of global warming wildfires could breakout more frequently and burn hotter than ever.
The ecosystem is valuable, as mankind is dependent on all the living plants, animals, and microorganisms that nature provides in order to survive. That is why Canada has taken on the responsibilities in safeguarding the landscape and all wildlife within.
Canada organizes a network of protected areas in which they dedicate, protect, and manage in efforts to preserving the natural beauty, health, and order of the forest in which mankind admires and relies on.
Canada is home to many various species of trees, with coniferous being 68%, mix wood at 16% and broadleaf making the rest of the 11%. The woodlands that are exclusively in Canada make up 9% of the world’s forests, which is 347 million hectares stretch of land.
90% of the Canadian forested areas are well-looked-after and handled by national governments and 2% is under federal protection, another 2% is kept and cared by Aboriginal people, and the last %6 is private property. These areas are usually prohibited of any resource gathering such as logging, mining, and harvesting.
The earth is in a delicate state and deserves to be heard. It needs a voice that will bring solutions, change, action and that is where Greenpeace comes in.
Who is Greenpeace?
They are an international environmental organization filled with people who want to change the way we think, behave, and act and our overall attitude towards the blue planet we live in.
Greenpeace mission is to be the voice for the voiceless earth.
Environmental Issues They Address Includes:
Energy – Creating a new clean energy source in order to address the main problem with our environment, climate change.
Deforestation – Preserving the ancient forests and all the animals and plants within it.
Overfishing – Protecting our great blue oceans from harmful fishing habits while also forming a worldwide network of marine reserves.
Animal Agriculture – encouraging more responsible farming and rejecting genetically engineering.
Toxins – minimizing hazardous waste and chemicals in products by offer safer alternatives.
They are also said to fight against whaling and nuclear testing.
Currently, Greenpeace has grown to be the biggest environmental organization in the world and operates in more than 40 states with their headquarters being located in Toronto, Canada.
In Canada, they have 60,000 supporters and nearly 3 million members internationally and represent them at almost every global environmental conference.
There is a popular joke spreading within the bars of Vancouver that you could talk to someone who claims to be the original founder of Greenpeace, but the truth is that there is not just one person who started the organization.
The name, ideas, strategy, and soul of the whole operation were created by separate individuals but four of the members were more noticeable than the rest. Bob Hunter who was a writer before becoming the first president of Greenpeace, then David McTaggart, Dorothy Stowe, and Irving Stowe an American lawyer who became a Quaker.
It was originally born in the year 1971 in the state of Vancouver, Canada when a group of volunteers and journalists decided to travel on a small boat coasting to Amchitka. They sailed as part of the Don’t Make a Wave Committee in means to stop the United States from running underground nuclear experiments on an Island that was located just north of Alaska. The goal was to bear witness to the immoral act to show they disprove it and gain attention to the media in efforts to spread awareness. It was also a means to try to address the concerns on triggering an earthquake or a tsunami but the all efforts failed in stopping the bomb from being detonated.
Although the bomb did not bring about an earthquake or tsunami it did attract a tide of public interest to the group and they officially became Greenpeace in 1972 after the US Government agreed to stop testing in that area of Alaska.
They did not stop on just nuclear testing and went on to fight against whaling, nuclear wastes, and other environmental concerns.
History of Funding
In the mid-90s, the number of supporters was starting to plummet and the organization realized they could not pay the charter fees and their campaign on just selling buttons. That is when they decided to use a new method of getting charity called face to face fundraising, where they would continuously search in public places for new supporters who would be interested in subscribing to a monthly donation.
In the year 2008, Greenpeace was receiving millions, mostly from their regular supporters, and mainly those that were in Europe.
Even today, Greenpeace runs independently on its own, which means they do not accept any contributions from governments or corporations.
They pay their bills by only receiving charitable donations from individual generous supporters and foundations.